Neoclassicism

As against the preciousness and decorativeness of the Rococo, Neoclassicism marks a return to the stricter forms of classical antiquity. In the narrow sense it is the style of the last decades of the 18th century, but Antique models were the basis of formal treatment in the styles of the first decades of the 19th century too – of Empire and Biedermeier. The furniture in this room illustrates the main characteristics of neoclassic form – refined simplicity and elegant calm, symmetry, and architectural formal principles with clear and austere articulation of the structural elements. The ornamental repertoire consists of Antique motifs (meander, rosette, ovulus, garland, vase, horn of plenty, laurel leaf…) that come up in carved or inlaid decorations, motifs on fabrics and forms for mountings. Among the examples of classical furnishing in the Museum collection there are some specimens produced in Croatia. One of the reasons for this is the fact that the number of local craftsmen and of those who had come from various parts of the Habsburg Empire and Germany had increased. The obligatory journeys made by the newly qualified journeymen and the founding of drawing schools in which in the last decades of the 18th century the pupils learned from common models contributed to the spread of the new style.

All the specimens of furniture on show in this room are of Croatian origin. Some of them were part of the equipment of Croatian palaces, like the pair of chairs from Castle Rasinje, made from an Antique model. The two doors and candlesticks were part of the furnishing of Januševac, one of the most beautiful of Croatian Neoclassicist palaces, built around 1830.

The floor and standing clocks sometimes have musical mechanisms with cylinders and pins, the music storage medium, incorporated in them. The music for them was written by such greats as C. P. E. Bach, W. A. Mozart and in particular, Franz Joseph Haydn.